Appendix Explanation of Newton Transport Plan 4/9/23

Loop or Super loop. New concept to maximise public transport. Bus moves in a simi or full circle. Bus can operate a full circle in outer estates. Luas and rail use Loop system for better usage.

Cycle Box (CHOB). Priority and safe measure for cyclists mainly on Quays. Designed like existing yellow box just before traffic lights, where cyclists pack in and move off ahead of traffic, holding control of road. It is also used where a road is narrow for safety. CHOB is Cycle Headway Orange Box.

G-Link Luas. Is linking up Luas network in city centre in orbital form by joining Luas line from Fatima to Spencer Dock at Dockland station via Stephen’s Green to complete Luas orbital in centre.

Orbital System. Is different from orbital routes, it Is the linking up of orbital routes with Direct for easy access to all areas including linking to city centre and avoids blind changing. It maximises Park/Ride usage, a wider catchment area for cyclists to access public transport.

Dead Ends, where routes come to an end. City Centre is the only effective dead end.

Blind Changing is where users wait indefinitely for their connecting mode of transport.

Direct Changing is where users don’t have to wait, their mode is there almost immediately.

Isolated/Convenient Planning, where bodies conveniently do their own thing without taking in the overall picture, this may undermine overall planning later. 

Backtracking is where users go back a few stops to get a seat or a bus. This can result in bus been full leaving the city centre passing users along their route. This problem can become continuous as more people change over to public transport, leaving users waiting along the route indefinitely.

3 in 1 Bus System a new concept to maximise bus use on outskirts. One orbital route links up with a minimum of two other routes at a hub on the outskirts to makes three routes in one. This HUB caters for any number of routes in the area. This outer route or link can become as many as 10.

HUB High Usage Base where many routes link up. Public Convenient (toilets) essential for city.   

Bus Stops, should be placed in an area to suit the user, especially disable users, not the car.

High frequency/Density use.  The 3 in 1 system justifies a higher frequency every fifteen (15) minutes and the route to the Hub becomes many, creating a higher density use. 

M50 Bus Orbital HUB. This is a dual operating system around large estates on the outskirts linking these estates to each other with a Door-to-Door service using the M50. How the dual system works. Example 39NS, (same for all routes) first bus 39S goes around Blanchardstown clockwise, second bus 39N goes around estate anticlockwise, each go every half hour giving estate a 15-minute service. This allows users take shortest, and direct to other to estates via Liffey Valley Hub.  

Three Turning Points a new concept to put buses where they are needed. Each route has three turning points, Example from Maynooth, the first at Liffey Valley, with ABC, the second at Heuston to link up with the orbital Luas and the third at centre interchange. Bus turn at these points by demand.

A.B.C. Alternative Bus Choice. Gives users a choice, every second bus alternates. First bus from Maynooth goes all the way to city centre, the second bus goes as far as Liffey Valley, this keeps repeating based on demand. This is fair as it applies to all routes. This provides for a higher frequency on the outskirts and reduces unnecessary buses to the centre.

Balance. In bus operation balance doesn’t mean 50/50 or the same number of buses everywhere. It means upping the frequency in outer areas to attract more usage at no extra cost.

Local Services are a vital part of public transport services, routes to city centre plays a vital route in local services, they act as both, local and for city centre. Local routes should be amalgamated to increase frequency. In Lucan four local routes an hourly service if amalgamated a 10-minute service.     

M50 Dart is dart rail line on centre of M50 motorway. It needs a vital missing section from M50 Tallaght to city to maximise its efficiency and to complete the full rail orbital.

Provincial bus Loop a bus way along all motorway hard shoulder within 70K of Dublin, linking Liffey Valley Interchange with ABC concept. 

Motorway Rail is building rail lines on centre of motorways for inexpensive rail construction.

T.H.R.U. Rail (Train Hubs for Rail Use) is where trains can pass through main stations without the need of station use. This requires less station space and reduces dead end stopping.

A. P. E. C. Corridor All Purpose Economic Corridor is a main multipurpose corridor from Dublin to Derry through heart of Ireland for all main facilities to keep cost down with less space used. This corridor would include road, rail, ESB pylons, communications lines etc. and many others all together.

Cross Country Rail, a rail line from Galway to Drogheda, its needs a new section from Mullingar to Navan to complete this link, Ideal for freight use and for new deep seaport at Braemore.

New Seaport.  Ireland needs a new seaport. Braemore, Balbriggan is in ideal Location, this makes cross country rail even more important.  

Rail Freight Linkage. Rail network in Newton Transport Plan is adequately linked to maximise all seaports use around Ireland for the purpose of maximising freight carrying on railways.

Pedestrian Way, pedestrian way from Ballsbridge to Parnell Sq. via Baggott St. and Westmorland St. Talbot St. also pedestrianised. 

Civic Plaza at College Green is very welcome, there is no need to upset public transport balance in the city centre by extending it. There are many other areas in the city that can have open spaces.

River Plaza on the river both sides of O Connell Bridge, to enhance the use of the river.

Opportunity Congestion, when people move over to Metro etc, the space they vacate is quickly taken by other car users who see it free of traffic even though it adds to their journey.   

Technology plays a vital role in maximising the Newton Transport Plan.

Principle of Public Transport, users take shortest route and the shorter bus routes leave first. 

Priority Bus Use, buses placed where needed, with priority for longer users.

SR51 is a new service road serving Outer Industrial Corridor from Tallaght to the M1 by building new section of road from Intel Junction 5 on M4 to Clonee Interchange on M3 to complete second road orbital around Dublin for vehicles and Public Transport.   

Land Use, The Newton Transport facilitate land use in all areas of Dublin, with public transport. Edge city and CAN city well facilitated by public transport.  CAN is Celbridge Adamstown Newcastle.

M50 Tolls, no charge for commercial vehicles between 8 PM and 6 AM, similar for other tolls.

50% Waste caused by cross city use and bus inefficient peak usage.

WEB Network, new system for public transport use, covers a wide area like a spider’s web, ensuring most users are close to a transport link, making public transport as good as car as possible.

Trackless Trams, a new form of Luas that requires no tracks or overhead wires (batteries or later hydrogen fuel cells). Its flexible and can be use in any area. 

Luas Bus, one carriage trackless Luas bus that goes through housing estates silently and safety. 

Climate Change. The Newton Transport Plan makes every effort to help to reduce the effects of Climate change in the public transport sector. Its layout and design have the potential to reduce vehicles movements by around seventy percent (70%)

Rail Gauge. Standard or similar rail gauge is essential to maximise rail use and it maximise the use of trains and it reduces unnecessary changing and waiting. 

N.E.W.T.O.N. is an acronym, stands for National Environmental Web Transport, Orbital Network. These stand for what the plan is intended to do.

Port Tunnel Luas, Port Tunnel can accommodate trackless Luas, it like a bus or truck at present. 

Double rail is the constructing of another rail line running right beside existing Malahide Dart line. This line would be idle off peak and it would require another rail line underground to Heuston. This unnecessary waste is only required if standard rail gauge is not used on Metro Link. 

Rail Gauge, the width between the two tracks of a train. Ireland, too small for different rail gauge 

Underground.  Dublin city is too sprawled for costly underground. There is one exception from M50 Tallaght (missing section) to the city centre because it benefits most of Ireland, completes Dart rail orbital in Dublin and benefits the one area out of Dublin that lacks most transport facilities.

Missing Rail Section, section of Dart underground from M50 Tallaght to city centre. Maximises M50 Dart to full potential. Dart gauge to be compatible with existing rail, to link up rail network, to maximise rail potential. This area is the only section in Dublin that can justify underground, no adequate roads, no Luas, no bus corridors, a big population, a relatively short distance of 10K.

Missing Rail Link section of rail from Blanchardstown to Donabate junction via Dublin Airport, completes rail network in Dublin.

Radial System, like the spokes of a wheel all via the centre. As cities expand this becomes very ineffective for public transport operations. This is the main cause why public transport throughout the world is heavily subsidised and why so many vehicles are not where they are needed. 

Time Duration, as climate Change is such a big issue, so serious, the 2030 target and 2050 deadline for carbon neutral, any plan must try to achieve this. Newton Transport Plan is designed to meet this target with time to spare (if it’s started). Main section can be completed in just over a decade with the rest fitted in later by stages. 

Feasibility. The Newton Transport Plan has a lot going for it, the layout of Dublin is very favourable to this type of plan. The Layout of the Quays with no shops or stores on riverside makes it ideal for buses, it also makes the city centre ideal for a Linear Public transport Interchange. Ideal for Anchor bus terminal the most important element in bus transport. Ideal for a Luas orbital in the city centre with the G-Link Luas. It won’t take much to link up mainline rail in Dublin. Ideal for cyclists.

Viability. The Loop system, the anchor terminal, the new bus concepts, M50 Dart, Motorway rail, eliminating operating waste, and cycleways makes the Newton Transport more than viable.

Anchor Bus Terminal. A shopping centre won’t exist without an anchor tenant. Public transport won’t work effectively without an anchor terminal. City centre is ideal for a bus anchor terminal as the centre cannot change, the outer terminal will evolve over time with new estates etc.   Anchor terminal allows bus to address the main flaws in bus public transport, backtracking etc. 

Cost. The Newton Transport will cost far less than other plan for the area it covers, for following reasons, it uses standard rail gauge, it links existing rail lines, uses M50 and Motorway for rail use. Uses the minimum amount of rail routes in the centre, trackless trams, less underground, and an orbital web network for efficiency. Can be complete in a shorter time span. If Metro Link uses a differ gauge, then an extra Dart line is needed beside existing Malahide Dart, an extra costly underground Dart from Docklands to Heuston. This leaves four lines very close together on the East side, Metro Link, Port Tunnel and two dart rail lines beside each other, what a waste.   

Customer Satisfaction, suiting users, especially users with a disability. Anchor terminal that addresses most irritating problems in public transport use, makes it attractive with feel good factor.

Flexible Use, bus is flexible, can gives higher frequency to all areas. Trackless Luas is also flexible.  

City Centre. By getting the city centre public transport right the rest fall into place.

Environment. Newton Transport Plan makes every effort to improve the environment.

Variant Times is a suggestion to the workforce, business, and colleges to vary starting times to aid the use of public transport with incentives, or four-day week, extra day off should rotate.    

Self-policing, Contraflow self-polices. Taxi well catered for with suitable and accessible bays.

Team.  Newton Transport Plan was planned by Tom Newton, Duncan Stewart, Caitriona McClean