- Radial System, like spokes of wheel, all via the centre, greater with cross city routes,
resulting in many vehicles not where they are needed, (almost two thirds).
- Backtracking, the big problem for public transport users. This is caused by users going back a
stop or two to ensure they get the bus or a seat. This results in bus leaving city centre full.
Passes users along route, leaves public transport, unreliable and uncertain.
- Inefficiency, due to radial system, backtracking, duplication, out of service and dead ends.
- Design failure, lack of integrating, too much to centre, leads to operation inefficiencies.
- Lack of Balance, too many buses in some areas not enough in other areas.
- Different rail gauge, undermines integration of rail with unnecessary travel movements.
- Road space not fully utilised, for bus ways and rail in centre of road, called motor way rail.
- It doesn’t suit the user in many cases. It must aim to be as good as the car as possible.
- Blind changing, where users must wait for connections, it must be direct linking.
- Costs, with unnecessary extra vehicles and staff. Night service etc.